Windmills in Estonia


Estonian Language

Adavere (#ee20)

(58.71944,25.8756)
tower mill : converted into a restaurant

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Lihula (#ee19)

(58.69369,23.8421)
tower mill : empty tower

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Muuga (#ee23)

(59.10428,26.6191)
tower mill :

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Peetri (#ee24)

(59.38995,24.8063)
tower mill :

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Rakvere (#ee22)

(59.34421,26.3538)
tower mill :

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Rocca Al Mare open air museum, Tallinn (#ee7)

(59.43454,24.6423)
Natsi tuulik: post mill :

Large post mill, where the sides of the buck are extended downwards close to the ground to almost enclose the dry-stone pile of stones that surrounds the trestle.

Signboard says:
Post windmill

Comes from Vanasauna farmstead, Natsi village, Parnumaa district. Transferred there from a neighbouring village in the mid-19th century and rebuilt in 1874. Transferred to the museum in 1959.
This type of big windmill occurred mostly in Western Estonia and used to grind the grain for the whole neighbourhood.

1 - On the ground floor the meal chute and the case for flour.
2 - on the upper flour the milling mechanism, including a pair of millstones.
For turning the mill to face the wind a tail pole is fixed to the rear of the mill.

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Rocca Al Mare open air museum, Tallinn (#ee8)

(59.43719,24.6385)
Ulendi tuulik: post mill :

Small post mill, where the trestle is arranged in a square pyramid "log cabin" like arrangement surrounding the central post.

Signboard says:
Post windmill

Comes from Pihlamaa farmstead, Ulendi village, Hiiumaa Island. Built in 1860 (dated). Until the end of the 1930s rye and wheat flour for two framsteads was milled there. Transferred to the museum in 1971.

On the ground floor the meal chute and the case for flour; on the upper floor the milling mechanism; the wind shaft with the brake wheel that drives grinding stones. For turning the mill to face the wind a tail pole is fixed to the rear of the mill.

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Rocca Al Mare open air museum, Tallinn (#ee9)

(59.43706,24.6334)
Leedri tuulik: post mill :

Signboard says:
Post windmill

Comes from Peedu farmstead, Leedri village, Saaremaa Island.
Built in 1876 (dated), the mill produced flour and especially fine groats even for more distant customers until 1958. Transferred to the museum in 1968.

On the ground floor the meal chute and the case for flour; on the upper floor the milling mechanism: the wind shaft with the brake wheel that drives grinding stones. For turning the mill to face the wind a tail pole is fixed to the rear of the mill.

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Rocca Al Mare open air museum, Tallinn (#ee10)

(59.43685,24.6334)
Vormsi: post mill :

Signboard says:
Post windmill

Built in 1748 (dated) on Vormsi Island, known for its master windmill builders.
At thr turn of the 19th-20th centuries it was relocated to the mainland to Pelmase farmstead, Sutlepa village, Laanemaa district. Operated until 1948.
Transferred to the museum in 1958.

On the ground floor the meal chute and the case for flour; on the upper floor the milling mechanism: the wind shaft with the brake wheel that drives grinding stones. For turning the mill to face the wind a tail pole is fixed to the rear of the mill.

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Rocca Al Mare open air museum, Tallinn (#ee11)

(59.43658,24.6334)
Kotlandi: post mill :

Signboard says:
Post windmill

Comes from Annuse farmstead, Kotlandi village, Saaremaa Island.
Built in 1871 (dated), the mill produced bread flour, sifted flour and groats until 1963.
Transferred to the museum in 1968.

On the ground floor the meal chute and the case for flour; on the upper floor the milling mechanism: the wind shaft with the brake wheel that drives grinding stones. For turning the mill to face the wind a tail pole is fixed to the rear of the mill.

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Rocca Al Mare open air museum, Tallinn (#ee12)

(59.43560,24.6301)
Kalma tuulik: smock mill :

Signboard says:
Windmill

Comes from Kalma village, Torma parish, Tartumaa district. The Dutch-type windmill was built in 1897 (dated). It produced bread flour, meal feed and sifted flour as well as groats.
Transferred to the museum in 1972.

The ground floor, the so-called milling hall, holds a big gearwheel mounted on a vertical shaft, and flour chests. The first floor has two pairs of millstones with funnel shaped hoppers above them. On the second floor, the so-called sack floor, grain was poured from the sacks into wooden pipes which took the seeds down to the hoppers.
As characteristic of Dutch windmills, only the head of the mill with sails fixed to it is rotated with the help of a tail pole.

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Tabivere (#ee25)

(58.55066,26.6011)
tower mill :

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Tallinn (#ee15)

(59.42545,24.6603)
Tallinn zoo: post mill :

Certainly at least a replica - probably even a non-working mock mill given this is so out of place in a zoo, and the sails look very inauthentic

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Tallinn (#ee16)

(59.41460,24.6795)
Veski Korts: smock mill :

Originally built around the 1850's, moved to an industrial area of Tallinn around 2004, and made a feature of a bar. Despite its hideous external appearance, with glass walls and fake cap and sails, it has actually retained much of the internal machinery.

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Vihula (#ee21)

(59.54568,26.1756)
tower mill : derelict until about 2011, but recently new cap and sails have been added

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Linnuse, Muhu Island (#ee17)

(58.58136,23.1650)
Eemu Tuulik: post mill : Replica mill built in 1980

Signboard says:

The windmill of Eemu farm at Linnuse village was built in 1881. It milled until 1950 when the politics of communist authorities forced to give it up and the windmill dilapidated. The existent windmill was built on its old site by Juri Ling from Muhu island on his own iniative in 1980, now he works as a miller here. In case of prosperous wind such a mill grinds 50kg of flour or 150kg of meal and hour.

Eemu windmill working as a branch of Saaremaa Museum is opened to visitors from April 15 to October 1 at 10-18, except Mondays and Tuesdays.

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Angla, Saaremaa Island (#ee2)

(58.52684,22.7002)
smock mill :

One of a row of 5 mills - 4 post and one smock

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Angla, Saaremaa Island (#ee3)

(58.52706,22.7000)
post mill :

One of a row of 5 mills - 4 post and one smock

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Angla, Saaremaa Island (#ee4)

(58.52694,22.7002)
post mill :

One of a row of 5 mills - 4 post and one smock

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Angla, Saaremaa Island (#ee5)

(58.52668,22.7004)
post mill :

One of a row of 5 mills - 4 post and one smock

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Angla, Saaremaa Island (#ee6)

(58.52647,22.7005)
post mill :

One of a row of 5 mills - 4 post and one smock

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Kuressaare, Saaremaa Island (#ee1)

(58.25189,22.4888)
tower mill : Converted to a restaurant.

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Mihkli farm museum, Saaremaa Island (#ee18)

(58.34850,22.0838)
post mill :

Mill built in 2001, to replace one lost to fire in 1994.

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Ninase, Saaremaa Island (#ee14)

(58.52266,22.2313)
Toll: post mill : Converted to male folk costume sculpture

Signboard says:

At the end of the 1970s, two of the three windmills on Ninase were rebuilt as man and woman (MAMMA and PAPA; PIRET and TOLL). Mark Soosaar perpetuated them in a film called "Puhapaevamaalijad" ("Sunday Painters") that spoke about amateur artists. The builders were men from Tagaranna, Heino Pitt and Aleksander Travis, but according to Sass the idea came from Soosaar.

At firsts, the windmills were built because of the film only, but they became so popular both amongst tourists and newly-weds. Young couples brought stones with their names and wedding date to MAMMA ie. PIRET, and it became a tradition. Therefore, it was tried to keep the statues in order in the future as well.

Also, the doings of SUUR TOLL, the ancient here of Saaremaa, were connected with the neighbourhood of Mustjala. One of the old legents associates the naming of NINASE ("nina" in estonian = "nose") with TOLL. When Toll had finished building the Mustjala church he went to the sea, lay down and stayed there to make sure that the Devil didn't come to destroy the church. After the church was blessed, Toll had put his head on a stone and fell asleep. The folks didn't tell whether Toll;s head was too hard or the stone was very soft. But when waking up, Toll had found that his nose had pressed a big hole in the stone. He had call out with surprise: "Oh, what a big ninaase (nose mark)!" This is now NINASE got its name.

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Mock Mills

Ninase (#eemock1)

(58.52314,22.2315)
Piret:

Whilst the original female sculpture, like the nearby male one, was built from a windmill, the current one is an entirely original construction. I believe the windmill based one may have been the victim of an arson attack, after which the current version was constructed.

[photo]

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Historical locations

Ninase, Saaremaa Island (#ee13)

(58.52314,22.2315)
Piret: post mill : Was converted to a female folk costume sculpture - destroyed some time in the early 2000's, I believe by arson. A mock replacement has been built to a significantly different design (both structurally and visually).

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Last updated 03/03/2017 Text and images © Mark Berry, 1997-2017 -