Windmills in Poland


The Polish word for windmill is wiatrak (plural wiatraki). Tower and smock mills are described as holenderski, whilst kozlak seems to be the word for post mill, where strictly speaking the z has an accent over it.

As with all languages with which I am unfamiliar, I have done my best to identify where these mills are located, but this page has been prepared without having visited Poland. These two things combined mean that I have probably misidentified the location of many mills (and indeed some may not even be in Poland) - my apologies in advance. Any corrections will be gladly received!

Poland has a lot of Open Air museums (known as skansen), many of which have a windmill amoungst their exhibits.


Unidentified region

Bielizn

Ruinous post mill

[photo]

Chorzow

A post mill, in an open air museum. Dated 1813

[photo]

Ciechanowiec

Post mill

[photo]

Ciechocinek

Brine towers, topped by a wind powered pump

[graduation towers - English] [history - English] [home] [photos] [photo] [photos] [photo] [photo] [photo] [Salt - Polish]

Ciekawy

Tower mill - had six sails

[photo]

Czarna Bialostocka

Post mill

[photo]

Debe, near Czarnkow

Post mill

[photos]

Elk

Smock or tower mill

[photo 1939]

Jerzmanowice, near Chojnow

This shingle covered 18th century smock mill, the last of its kind in Altschlesien, is a protected monument. It is now run as a restaurant.

[details in Polish and German] [info] [info]

Klobce

An open air museum, with a post mill dated 1870

[info]

Koscianie

Post mill

[info]

Lednicy

Post mill

[photo]

Ledzin

Tower mill, used as holiday accomodation.

[info - in vague English] [info]

Malawicze

Post mill

[info]

Mecmierzu

Post mill

[photo]

Olsztynek

Smock mill

[photo]

Sloneczny

[photo]

Smigielskie

Pair of post mills

[info]

Stary

Shingled post mill, dated 1671

[photo]

Swojskosc

Post mill

[photo]

Tokarni

[interior photo] [sepia photo] [info]

Upadek

Smock mill

[photo]

Wdzydze

[photo]

Zulawy

Smock mill

[photo]

Unidentified

[photo] [photo] [photo] [photo] [photo] [photo] [photo] [photo] [photo - but I think its Holland, not Poland] [photo] [photo] [photo] [frosty photo] [photo] [info] [1936 photo]


Muzeum Wsi Opolskiej - open air museum

The museum has 2 windmills reconstucted within it.

[map]

Dobrzenia Wielkiego

Post mill, dated 1734

[photo] [info]

Grotowic

19th century post mill [photo] [info]

Skansen - open air museum

This, another open air museum, also has a number of windmills.

[historic windmills]

Zarownia

Small smock mill, with multi-bladed "sails"

[info]

Zarebek

Grouping of 3 post mills

[info]

Trzesowki

Post mill

[info]

Trzesowki - Klodzin

20th century mill

[info]

Padwi

Small smock mill

[info]

Rudy

Six sailed post mill, dated 1934. [info]

Markowej

[info]

Mazry

Gradzkie

19th century "Dutch" mill

[Windmills of the region]

Kleszewo

19th century mill

[Windmills of the region]

Ryn

Tower mill, dated 1873

[info] [Windmills of the region]

Starej Rozance

Six sailed mill, dated 1863

[info] [Windmills of the region]

Steralawki Male

19th century "Dutch" mill

[Windmills of the region]


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Last updated 27/01/2014 Text and images © Mark Berry, 1997-2014 -