Windmills of Australia


My thanks to Ron Madden whose local knowledge provided extensive corrections and additions to my remotely conducted research for this page.

Emily Bay, Norfolk Island (#oz50)

(-29.0621,167.964)

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Campbelltown, New South Wales (#oz7)

(-34.1249,150.775)
Mount Gilead: tower mill :

extant tower only - stone built (cut stone), but concrete lined and used as water reservoir since circa WWII.

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Nimmitabel, New South Wales (#oz8)

(-36.5116,149.283)
Geldmacher's mill: tower mill : stone built roofed conserved tower

Built by John Geldmacher between 1865 and 1872.

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Somersby, New South Wales (#oz6)

(-33.4209,151.279)
Old Sydney Town: tower mill : Replica mill, in a now closed historical theme park

When the theme park was open, the mill was workable, producing flour which was made into bread by the village baker. A note from the property owners at the beginning of 2009 reported that the internals of the mill are still in good condition, however, the sails have been removed and the tail is evidently well past its use by date. The owners are apparently keen to see that the mill is preserved in the long run either in situ or elsewhere.

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Urana, New South Wales (#oz9)

Coonong Horizontal Windmill: horizontal windmill:

used to drive an external pump

[info]

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Wisemans Ferry Rd, Cattai, New South Wales (#oz12)

Arndells Windmill: tower mill :

[info]

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Brisbane, Queensland (#oz2)

(-27.4657,153.023)
tower mill : converted to signal tower

Built in the 1820's with convict labour, this is a significant historical building on many levels. Converted to a signal station in 1861.

Signboard says:
Brisbane City Council - The Old Windmill
The Old Windmill later referred to as The Observatory, was built by convict labour in 1829.
It is one of the oldest buildings existent in Brisbane at the present time.
Built to act as a windmill it was fitted with heavy sails but, due to a mechanical defect the sails did not operate so convicts were used to grind the maize meal of the settlement by means of a treadmill.
The treadmill was erected outside the walls of the tower a shaft connecting it with the cog wheels that turned the millstones in the tower. The treadmill was used from 1829 to 1937 when Andrew Petrie arrived as foreman of works and effected the necessary repairs to the windmill.
In 1841 it was the scene of the execution of two aboriginal murderers, the projecting arms of the windmill being used as a gallows.
In 1855 the old windmill was the location of Brisbane's first museum either in the tower on in rooms of the signal station that was attached to it and in 1864 it came into use by the Govenment as a signal station. The tower was also used as a lookout by the fire brigade.
A flagstaff was erected on the summit and once a month the Red Ensign was flown announcing the arrival of overseas steamers at any of the adjoining colonies with the English mails when advised by telgraph.
After federation, it was taken over by the Commonwealth Government as an observatory. It was never used as such but for many years the time ball at the summit of the tower was dropped by electrical means regularly every day at one o'clock.
In 1922 the land on which it stands was vested in the Brisbane City Council.
An experimental television station was established in the windmill in 1935 bt Dr Val McDowall and Thomas M B Elliott. The first actual television broadcast in Queensland was broadcast from this tower.
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Wikipedia entry

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Mount Barker, South Australia (#oz13)

(-35.0470,138.834)
Nixon's Mill: tower mill :

bronze tablet from 1929 says:
Preserved as a memorial of the pioneering days of South Australia
This windmill was built by F R Nixon in 1842 who sold it to Walter Paterson in 1844. It was worked by him until 1853, when it was sold to F W Wittwer. It ceased operations in 1864 and was donated to the public in 1928 by A E Braendler.
Tablet presented by Walter Paterson's grandchildren
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Port Lincoln, South Australia (#oz14)

(-34.7158,135.851)
tower mill :

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Victor Harbor, South Australia (#oz11)

(-35.5660,138.609)
tower mill :

From the Australian Heritage Database

A stone Mill built by Porter Helmore in 1851 on sandhills near the Inman River. The machinery and cogs were made of wood. It was wrecked by a cyclone and closed down in 1853. The shell of the Old Mill still stands and is one of the few remaining old wind mills in South Australia.

Porter Helmore built the mill on sand hills near the Inman River. The machinery, cogs etc were made of wood. Wrecked by cyclone and closed down in 1853. It was the first mill in the south. Farmers used to camp in the paddocks waiting for a breeze. Police survey of 1854 revealed one steam and one wind mill at Encounter Bay. This and Mount Barker Mill are the only wind mills currently known in South Australia.

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Launceston, Tasmania (#oz3)

(-41.4408,147.131)
Penny Royal: tower mill : restored

Closed July 2006 until further notice

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Oatlands, Tasmania (#oz5)

(-42.2989,147.376)
Callington Mill: tower mill : preserved tower, largely empty, but with restored cap and functioning fantail

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Wikipedia entry

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Kyneton, Victoria (#oz10)

Green Hill: tower mill : stone built roofed conserved tower

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Culeenup Island, Yunderup, Western Australia (#oz15)

(-32.5761,115.765)
Coopers Mill: tower mill : tower remains, in restored state

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South Perth, Western Australia (#oz4)

(-31.9661,115.847)
Shenton's Mill: tower mill : restored

From the Western Australian Register of Heritage Places:

The Old Mill and Cottage are situated on an historic landmark on the South Perth Foreshore of the Swan River.

The windmill was built in 1837 over a foundation stone laid by Governor Stirling in 1835. Poorly sited and inefficient, it ceased to operate in 1859. In 1959 it was restored and made complete with parts from Chapman's Mill, Wonnerup. The buildings are now used as a public museum for relics from the State's early history.

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Stirling Ranges National Park(Borden), Western Australia (#oz1)

(-34.2244,118.215)
The Lily: tower mill : Working replica mill, constructed 1991-97

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SmugMug
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Wonnerup, Western Australia (#oz16)

(-33.6429,115.407)
Chapman's Mill: tower mill : tower remains, but machinery was removed to be used to restore mill in South Perth

[info]

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Mock Mills

Canberra (#ozmodel1)

(-35.1914,149.086)
Cockington Green: post mill :

Model village - post mill modelled on Thorpness, UK, with a "House in the Clouds" model nearby.

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Canberra (#ozmodel2)

(-35.1912,149.086)
Cockington Green: post mill :

Model village - generic Dutch post mill

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Canberra (#ozmodel3)

(-35.1911,149.086)
Cockington Green: tower mill :

Model village - a set of (5?) models representing windmills of La Mancha

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Coffs Harbour, New South Wales (#ozmock2)

(-30.3040,153.101)
Big Windmill Motor Lodge: smock mill : houses the motel restaurant

Construction started in 1972, but paused in 1974 when Mr De Keever, architect and owner of the motel, fell to his death whilst building the mill. Work started again in 1977, and officially opened in 1982.

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Fagan Park, Galston, New South Wales (#ozmock6)

(-33.6409,151.045)

In the Dutch garden

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Bargara, Queensland (#ozmock5)

(-24.8153,152.463)
Dutch themed restaurant

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Mudgeeraba, Queensland (#ozmock13)

Indian restaurant and spice shop

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Richlands, Queensland (#ozmock18)

Dutch Club:

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Tanawha, Queensland (#ozmock1)

(-26.7113,153.033)
Bellingham maze: smock mill :

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SmugMug
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near Devonport, Tasmania (#ozmock10)

tower mill :

A house in the shape of a castle and a windmill!

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Penguin, Tasmania (#ozmock9)

(-41.1126,146.069)
hollow post:

Signboard says:
On behalf of the Dutch settlers of Penguin on the first day of October 1988 as a gift in the Australian Bicentennial Year. The Mill is dedicated to the memory of Janneti Tjaers who was the wife of Abel Tasman.
Signboard says:
This windmill is a Bicentennial Gift from the Dutch community to the people of Penguin in appreciation of the warm welcome extended to those migrants who settled here. 2 January 1988.
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357 Monbulk Rd, Silvan, Victoria (#ozmock8)

(-37.8448,145.424)
Tesselaar Tulip Farm: a number of large model windmills:

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Diamond Creek, Victoria (#ozmock17)

(-37.6823,145.145)
smock mill :

residential

[photo]

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Kinglake, Victoria (#ozmock14)

House of Bottles:

Constructed 1972 by Joseph Eykenbaum, from about 5000 empty bottles.

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Rockbank, Victoria (#ozmock4)

(-37.6845,144.663)
Windmill Gardens: smock mill :

Wedding reception restaurant

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Rockbank, Victoria (#ozmock7)

(-37.6852,144.662)
Windmill Gardens: hollow post:

feature in wedding reception grounds

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Stawell, Victoria (#ozmock15)

(-37.0704,142.791)
Caspers World in Miniature:

"a Dutch windmill pumping water into a mini-harbour reflecting Australia's maritime history"

[info]

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Tambo Upper, Victoria (#ozmock16)

(-37.7786,147.801)
Tamberrah Cottages:

Pizza restaurant

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196 Semple Court, Jandakot, Western Australia (#ozmock3)

(-32.1187,115.845)
Nursery & Gift Centre:

From the Heritage Council of Western Australia listing:

A wooden windmill about 20m high having a very authentic appearance. It is set amongst a large number of trees. It was built by a Dutch coach maker as a residence in 1970, although it was always intended it would be the focus of a business. It is still used as a residence and is the focus of a plant nursery, one of the first modern nurseries in the Jandakot area.

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Historical locations

Appin, New South Wales (#oz115)

post mill :

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Darlinghurst, Sydney, New South Wales (#oz102)

Hyndes' mill, Hill's mill: tower mill :

stone built

[photo]

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Darlinghurst, Sydney, New South Wales (#oz110)

Clarkson's Windmill: tower mill :

stone built (adjacent to Darlinghurst gaol)

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Darlinghurst, Sydney, New South Wales (#oz111)

Hope Mill: tower mill :

stone built (in close proximity to Girard's Mill)

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Darlinghurst, Sydney, New South Wales (#oz112)

Girard's Mill: tower mill :

stone built (in close proximity to the Hope Mill)

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Governent Domain, Sydney, New South Wales (#oz109)

post mill :

brought from Norfolk Island in 1805 by Nathaniel Lucas

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Government Domain, Sydney, New South Wales (#oz104)

Palmer's: tower mill :

stone built, later known as Palmer's large mill

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Government Domain, Sydney, New South Wales (#oz108)

Boston's Mill: smock mill :

later known as Palmer's small mill

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Millers Point, Sydney, New South Wales (#oz107)

Underwood's Mill: smock mill :

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Paddington, Sydney, New South Wales (#oz106)

Gordon's Mill: post mill :

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Parramatta, New South Wales (#oz105)

Howell's Mill: smock mill :

combined wind and tide mill

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Port Macquarie, New South Wales (#oz100)

(-31.4351,152.924)
smock mill :

There is now a millstone inspired sculpture on the headland on which the mill stood

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Singleton, New South Wales (#oz103)

Rosemount: post mill :

In its working life the property the mill was on was called Rosemount, but the property subsequently became known as Baroona.

[photo]

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Waverley, Sydney, New South Wales (#oz101)

Hough's windmill: post mill :

[photo] [photo]

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Hay Valley, South Australia (#oz117)

smock mill :

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Lyndoch, South Australia (#oz118)

open framework tower:

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Battery Point, Hobart, Tasmania (#oz114)

tower mill :

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Darlington Point, Tasmania (#oz116)

post mill :

had a strange brick tower around the post, which was not a full roundhouse

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Richmond, Tasmania (#oz119)

tower mill :

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Rokeby, Tasmania (#oz120)

post mill :

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Sorrell, Tasmania (#oz122)

post mill :

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Westerfield, Baxter, Victoria (#oz113)

smock mill :

A photo of Russell Grimwade's country property Westerfield, at Baxter, dated 18/1/1925 shows a tall "Dutch" windmill shaped structure, which was apparently used to generate electricity which was stored in batteries held in the base of the mill.

[info]

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Mock Mills - Historical Locations

Luna Park, Sydney, New South Wales (#ozmock11)

Information provided by Anne Doughty, Luna Park Historian/Librarian, Feb 2009.

In 1935 the mock Windmill was an original feature at Luna Park, where initially ice creams were sold. Later this was changed to a Chip Bar. I have a copy of the Autumn 1984 issue of "This Australia" magazine but note that the photo on the cover was not taken in 1984. The photo was most likely taken approx in the mid 1970's before the Ghost Train Fire. Luna Park closed the day after the Ghost Train Fire on 9 June 1979 and the site remained vacant for some time. An auction was held on site on 31 May - 1 June 1981 and photos taken at this time show the windmill still standing. However on 3 June 1981 new operators entered the site and dismantled and removed many of the old attractions. I think that the windmill was most likely demolished at this stage. (I do not know whether any parts of this was salvaged or not). New building work began soon after and the park reopened on 29 April 1982. Photos of the whole park I have seen dated early April 1982 show that the windmill is no longer on site.

It was not until 1994 when the NSW Govt undertook a major refurbishment at Luna Park that the lighthouse was installed on the site. It was placed in the same positon that the windmill had been to attract attention to the point where the axis of the Midway shifted.

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Woodford, Queensland (#ozmock12)

Woodford Folk Festival, 2009:

A temporary structure, built for the 2008/9 Woodford Folk Festival, and deliberately destroyed by fire

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