Windmills of Mauritius


Introduction

I don't think this is ever going to be a long list - islands in the Indian Ocean are not likely windmill hunting grounds.

However, Mauritius was a colonial territory, used for sugar plantations, and as such as well as needing mills for flour production, windmills were also used to crush sugar cane. Pamplemousses Garden states that

"In 1858 there were about 259 sugar mills in Mauritius, however, due to the process of centralization, where sugar estates which were family owned estates merge into companies, the number of sugar mills have decreased to 137 sugar mills in 1888 and 79 sugar mills in 1903."
It's unclear how many of those mills used wind, or whether they were mainly oxen or steam driven sugar mills.

A number of mills are listed in the National Heritage Fund Act.


Belle Rive, Cap Malheureux

tower mill :

listed monument

Entries in photo archives:

Domaine Les Pailles (#mr101)

(-20.1917,57.4896)

Dispite many sites on the web that talk about the windmill at Domaine Les Pailles, that is merely the repetition of a mis-translation from the French. The only mill on the Domaine is a working replica animal mill, constructed in 1991.

[homepage]

Entries in photo archives:
Flickr images are copyright their individual photographers.

Forbach (#mr3)

(-20.0626,57.6308)
tower mill :

listed monument, built 1818

[info]

Entries in photo archives:
Photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.

Petit Paquet (#mr2)

(-20.0033,57.6363)
tower mill :

listed monument

Entries in photo archives:

Port Louis (#mr1)

(-20.1595,57.5008)
tower mill :

French looking windmill, with 4 sails attached to a pointed cap. Built 1736 to grind flour for the dockworkers. Served as Signal Tower after British conquest of 1810. Reconstructed back to workable condition in 1998, with the aid of the French mills association ARAM, and now open as a museum. Open Mon - Fri, 10am-Noon, 1pm - 3pm. Tel.: (230) 211 7465

[info] [info] [info] [photo] [photo] [photo] [photo] [photo] [photo] [photo]

Entries in photo archives:
Flickr images are copyright their individual photographers.
Photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners.
Picasa Web Album images are copyright their individual photographers.

Riche Terre

tower mill :

listed monument

Entries in photo archives:

Seewsaagar Ramgoolam Botanical Gardens, Pamplemousses (#mr100)

Replica animal powered mill:

Signboard says:
Old Sugar Mill Model
(S S R Botanical Gardens - Pamplemousses)
This old sugar mill model was built by the Mauritius Chamber of Agriculture in 1953.
It is a replica of early sugar mills with vertical cylinders drawn by oxen. The cane juice was accumulated in a pond and led into a set of five cauldrons, the first two of which served to filter off foreign bodies.
The juice was then cooked to the consistency of caramel. After setting in a wooden tray it was shaped in wooden moulds. It satisfied the needs of its time.
[info]

Entries in photo archives:
Flickr images are copyright their individual photographers.


Other sugar mills


General links on Mauritius



[Windmills] [Watermills] [Bookshop] [News] [Site map] :

Last updated 03/03/2017 Text and images © Mark Berry, 1997-2017 -