English Heritage bring out a
Buildings at Risk
list each year, but their website
makes it fairly hard to get a complete picture of what is at risk, and since the latest list displaces the previous one,
it's hard to follow up what happens over time.
To make that easier, I have extracted the windmills I could find on the list below. Inclusion on the list appears to be somewhat
arbitrary - including both mills which are in pretty imminent danger, and also those where works are in progress to protect and
safeguard the structure.
Northfield Windmill, The Shades, Soham, East Cambridgeshire, Cambridgeshire.
Originally C18 drainage mill for the neighbouring Fen, relocated during 1830s to present
position and converted to a corn mill. Six-sided timber framed smock mill. Has machinery
but the cap is deformed, leaking badly and will not turn to wind. Owner is putting temporary repairs in place.
Downfield Windmill, Fordham Road, Soham, East Cambridgeshire, Cambridgeshire.
Windmill originally built in 1726, raised in 1860 and much rebuilt following storm in 1889.
Machinery substantially complete, but condition deteriorating. In need of general repairs,
and reinstatement of sails and other missing parts of the structure. Architects consulted
and prepared schedule of works. Owner continuing with joinery repairs.
English Heritage still offering informal guidance on procedures.
Doolittle Mill, Totternhoe, Central Bedfordshire.
Wind and watermill, C18. Roofing works have been undertaken, but further repair is still needed.
Small multivallate hillfort and tower mill on Shackleton Beacon Hill, Heighington, Darlington.
Argos Hill Windmill, Argos Hill, Mayfield, Wealden, East Sussex.
Post mill suffering from lack of maintenance and scaffolded.
Upminster Windmill, St Mary's Lane, Upminster, Havering, Greater London.
Smock mill 1803, retaining original machinery, to be restored as a working mill.
A building preservation trust has been established, and recording of the mill machinery has been
grant aided by English Heritage. Repairs to sails, damaged in recent storms, have been completed.
Base of Windmill at Mill House, Windmill Road, Merton, Greater London.
Brick with timber framing comprising base of hollow-post windmill.
Located within the car park of Windmill Public House with its timber superstructure exposed to the elements.
The new owners have engaged the services of a conservation architect; a scheme for repair of the timber
framework is being prepared in consultation with timber conservation specialist.
Sneaths Mill, Lutton Gowts, Lutton, South Holland, Lincolnshire.
Octagonal brick tower windmill, 1779. Unique in Lincolnshire and the oldest surviving tower mill in the county.
Ceased to work in the 1930s and emergency repairs carried out in 1992. The whole building is deteriorating steadily.
Urgent Works Notice being considered.
Sutton Mill, New Road, Sutton, North Norfolk, Norfolk.
Tower mill of 1789. Restored in 1976-85. Since then however there has been a lack of maintenance and
the mill is not watertight. Urgent repairs are now necessary but some repairs have been carried out to the Cap.
Museum has now closed. Some discussion of possible redevelopment of the site ongoing.
Hibaldstow Mill and walls to mill pond and wheel race, Ings Lane, Hibaldstow, North Lincolnshire.
Combined wind and watermill, 1802, by James Middleton of Hibaldstow. Recent repair, but further work
required to both exterior and interior.
North Leverton Windmill, North Leverton, North Leverton with Habblesthorpe, Bassetlaw, Nottinghamshire.
Tower Mill, dated 1813, raised 1884. Unique example of mill paid for by local private subscription and
retained in continuous working use. Retains remarkable set of original machinery. Sails, cap and outer
coating now suffering from decay, and repairs required. Charitable owner has applied to English Heritage for grant assistance.
Hawkstone Windmill, Hawkstone Park, Weston under Redcastle, Shropshire.
Late C18 windmill located on western boundary of registered park. Temporary roof erected in August 1996.
Condition is getting worse. The building is associated with Hawkstone Hall, early to mid C18, and a mid
to late C18 landscape, with park and lakes by William Emes and remarkable folly landscape, 1km south-west of the Hall.
Landscape is generally in good condition, but much of park is now a golf course.
Drinkstone Post Mill, Woolpit Road, Drinkstone, Mid Suffolk, Suffolk.
C16/C17 post mill, part of the Drinkstone Mills conservation area containing circa 1790 smock mill and
other buildings associated with nearly 400 years of milling activity. The buck has been repaired but
the round house and other elements are in need of attention as the roof to the round house leaks and
the walls require limited consolidation. The owners are currently undertaking some urgent maintenance work.
Windmill, Great Thurlow, St Edmundsbury, Suffolk.
Early C19 octagonal timberframed and weatherboard smock mill complete with milling machinery.
Areas of water ingress to the structure.
Friston Post Mill, Mill Road, Friston, Suffolk Coastal, Suffolk.
One of the finest, and possibly tallest post mill in the United Kingdom. Built in 1812 and operational until 1956.
Restored in 1976; temporary supports added 2004; post out of alignment and trestle fractured and now in need of
urgent and permanent repair.
Berkswell Windmill, Berkswell, Solihull, West Midlands.
Early C18 tower windmill. Red brick with wood and metal boat-shaped cap. Machinery largely intact.
Probably the most complete example of a west midlands tower mill. In need of new roof covering,
repointing and extensive repairs to collar supporting the cap. English Heritage grant offered towards
repairs and work is now underway.
A full search on
mill or windmill or watermill
shows a number of other important mills of all types on the list.